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“都市蜃楼” –巴黎蒙帕纳斯大厦改造方案

2018-11-06 09:37:22 来源:叮咣机器人

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马岩松率领的MAD建筑事务所近期公布了在法国巴黎的蒙帕纳斯大厦 (Tour Montparnasse) 的高层改造竞赛方案“都市蜃楼”。MAD的设计将这栋巴黎市中心的巨大黑色方盒子大楼,用镜像“倒挂”了巴黎城市,成为与天空“融为一体”的光的艺术。MAD Architects, led by Ma Yansong, unveils “Mirage” ─ a renovation proposal for Montparnasse Tower in Paris, France. MAD’s design transforms this huge black monolithic building ─ positioned in the city center ─ into an artistic lighting installation that reflects the city upside down.

▼大楼映倒映菲尔铁塔,the building facade reflects the Eiffel Tower

▼建筑与埃菲尔铁塔对望,face to the tower


蒙帕纳斯大厦建成于上世纪70年代,建成后即以210米的高度成为巴黎第一高楼。但巴黎人们关于蒙帕纳斯大厦的质疑却一直延续至今,其相对于巴黎城的突兀使人们称之为“巴黎的伤疤”。2016年,蒙帕纳斯大厦宣布举办国际竞赛,MAD从全球700多家建筑事务所中入选成为7家最终选定的事务所之一。After its completion in 1973, the 210 meter-high Montparnasse Tower became the tallest building in Paris. But through the years, there has been constant criticism over its intrusive existence in the city, that it has been coined the ‘scar of Paris’. In 2016, the owner called an international competition to renovate the tower,MAD was one of seven short-listed firms out of more than 700 teams to participate.


▼建筑立面映射城市风光,the facade reflects the cityscapes


▼立面细部,detail of the building facade


▼建筑于巴黎城市肌理中耀眼,the building stands up from the urban fabric


MAD的改造方案,根据光学凹镜原理,将建筑立面的每一片玻璃设定到特定角度,使得整个大楼成为一个城市尺度的凹面镜。在这种光学效应下,楼体所反射的周边景色被上下翻转,巴黎城市的街区,道路以至于周边建筑的屋顶被反射,并倒挂在空中;地平线以上的天空却反射在楼体的下半部分,与背景天空完全相融。海市蜃楼般飘浮在空中的“倒挂巴黎城”就这样形成;如果从埃菲尔铁塔望向大楼,更会看到大楼建筑立面上出现另一座上下翻转的铁塔。MAD’s design uses concave principles to an optical illusion by setting every glass panel of the façade to a specific angle, so that the building itself turns into a city-scale concave mirror. The streetsrooftops of the neighboring buildings appear as if they are hanging in the sky; while the sky is mirrored onto the lower section of the building, blending into the atmosphere. The design creates a mirage of Paris, but upside-down, as if it is floating in the air. And, Paris’ other city landmark, the Eiffel Tower, will also appear upside down when looking at Montparnasse Tower from that direction.


▼建筑以王者气势俯瞰巴黎城,the building overlooks the city

▼建筑立面的独特设计展现“倒挂巴黎”景象,The design creates a mirage of Paris, but upside-down


▼映射原理,principles

马岩松说:“蒙帕纳斯大厦当年建成的时候代表着那个时代的骄傲和成就。人类对技术和力量的崇拜,造就了这座历史上强横的纪念碑,但它却与所处的巴黎古典城市格格不入。今天,我们虽然不能真正让这座楼和它所带来的历史遗憾彻底消失,但我们应该建立一个新的审视角度,思考人类该如何与我们的内心以及周遭的环境相处。” MAD方案“都市蜃楼”,从9月19日起在巴黎Pavillion de l’Arsenal的“Tour Montparnasse” 中展出。Ma Yansong on the design: “At the time when it was built, Montparnasse Tower, like the Eiffel Tower, represented the prideachievements of its era. It is mankind’s worship of technologypower that has created this tyrannical monument. It stands out amidst classical Paris. Today, we cannot really demolish this buildingthe historical regrets it stands for, but we can establish a new perspective to re-examinethink about how humanity can co-existinteract with the towerits environment, to bring meaning to our hearts.” MAD’s “Mirage design proposal is currently on show in the Tour Montparnasse Exhibition at Pavillion de l’Arsenal, Paris.

▼建筑一侧映射埃菲尔铁塔:与历史呼应的非同凡响的方式,the architecture reflects the Eiffel Tower on one side: Reflections of Paris.


▼建筑另一侧映射古老城市街区:与历史呼应的非同凡响的方式,the architecture reflects the old town on the other side: Reflections of Paris.


主持建筑师:马岩松, 党群, 早野洋介
副合伙人:李健, Andrea D’Antrassi
设计团队:李广崇, Jordan Kanter, 胡爻, Marco Gastoldi, Casey Kell, Matthew Pugh, Felix Amiss, 严然,贲禹强, 赵孟, Rozita Kahirtseva, Torsten Radunski, Young Kang, 李亮
主持建筑师:MAD建筑事务所
合作建筑师:DGLa
结构工程师:TERRELL
机电工程师:NOX ingénierie
幕墙顾问:VS-A
幕墙光学顾问:ELXIR / Philippe Bompas
消防顾问:CSD FACES
声学顾问:ACOUSTIQUE ET CONSEIL
灯光顾问:L’observatoire international / Hervé Descottes
环境顾问:NOX Oxygène
电梯顾问:MOVVEO
石棉回收:NOX CURAGE DESAMIANTAGE DEMOLITIONDirectors in Charge: Ma Yansong, Qun Dang, Yosuke Hayano
Associates in Charge: Kin Li, Andrea D’Antrassi
Design Team: LI Guangchong, Jordan Kanter, Jacob Hu, Marco Gastoldi, Casey Kell, Matthew Pugh, Felix Amiss, YAN Ran, BEN Yuqiang, ZHAO Meng, Rozita Kahirtseva, Torsten Radunski, Young Kang, LI Liang
Lead Architect: MAD Architects
Executive Architect: DGLa
Structural Engineers: TERRELL
MEP Engineers: NOX ingénierie
Façade Consultant: VS-A
Façade – Reflection Consultant: ELXIR / PHILPPE BOMPAS
Fire Prevention: CSD FACES
Acoustic Consultant: ACOUSTIQUE ET CONSEIL
Lighting Consultant: L’observatoire international / Hervé Descottes
Environmental Consultant: NOX Oxygène
Asbestos Reclamation: NOX CURAGE DESAMIANTAGE DEMOLITION
Lift Consultants: MOVVEO



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